The DIR®/Floortime™ Therapy


The DIR®/Floortime™ Model is based on the work by psychiatrist Dr Stanley Greenspan. and three cornerstones of healthy development:

  1. Language and cognition, as well as emotional and social skills, are learned through relationships that involve emotionally meaningful exchanges.
  2. Children differ in their ways of responding to touch, sound, and other sensations. They also vary in auditory processing and language, visual-spatial processing, and their motor planning and sequencing abilities.
  3. Progress in all areas of development – motor, language, cognition, social and emotional development - is interrelated.

Floortime is one component of a comprehensive DIR-based intervention program. It focuses on creating emotionally meaningful learning interactions that encourage the six basic developmental capacities. It is an approach that follows the child’s interest, build on their current strengths, to achieve greater mastery of their social, emotional, and intellectual capacities. This is not only essential for emotional development, but also for cognitive development, higher-level thinking, and the development of a sense of self.

What are the benefits?

The benefits of Floortime:

  • The child will relate to adults and peers with warmth and intimacy
  • Communicate meaningfully with emotional gestures and words
  • Think with a high level of abstract reasoning and empathy

What are the goals?

The goals and six stages of Floortime:

  • Regulation and interest in the word: Shared attention: to learn and interact socially, stay focus, be calm, and actively take in information from their experiences with others, from what they see, hear, touch, smell, and taste, and from the way they move
  • Engaging and relating: to build strength in engaging and relating with others, and offset the distressing symptoms related to withdrawal or self-absorption
  • Intentionality and two-way communication: to transform emotions into signals for communication, to engage in back-and-forth two-way communication, to develop logic and a sense of reality
  • Social problem solving, mood regulation, and formation of a sense of self: to take two-way communication and use it to solve problems,
  • Creating symbols and using words and ideas: to understand and use words and language, to have flexibility in reasoning, thinking, and problem-solving

For more information on the DIR®/Floortime™ Model, please visit: